coconut coir vs peat moss

Like peat moss, adding coco peat to soil also helps with aeration and water retention. Let's face it microgreens have it tough. Big difference. It’s renewable. With coconut coir? I use fabric pots (plastic pots require more perlite) in a flood/drain table, cycled 3-4 times per day depending on temp/humidity and plant size. So a tray containing a peat moss mix will retain more water than a tray full of a coconut coir mix. Sometimes, such as during the CoVid19 shutdown, we had no choice. The Grow for Profit Video Course shows you what is involved to set up a microgreens business, how to setup your grow area, and instructions on how to grow many different varieties. Pros of Coco Coir: Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7. “Renewable” resource – byproduct of the coconut industry. The title of that article seems to be the end all be all for the best soil. Feb 12, 2011 #3 Coco is a good medium ... but somewhere online there is a big thread discussing coco vs peat moss and lots of good info, I suggest you gooogle coco vs peat moss and look around. "Sphagnum" is a genus of approximately 120 different species of mosses known as "peat moss." Among sphagnum moss, peat moss and coconut coir, sphagnum moss is the lightest and offers the most air contact with developing roots. I add around 1/3 perlite in my mix for areation. Because tap water tends to be alkaline, using peat moss — which is acidic — can promote a more neutral pH for your soil. Peat Moss. A major switch from my previous grower who retired and moved to Hawaii, that used compost and perlite and a small amount of Peat. coconut fiber and charcoal dust (2:1; v :v) produced the greatest plant height, number of fruit, total fruit weight per plant and the largest mean weight and fruit diameter. Excellent habitat for microorganisms. Easier to rewet than peat moss, is not hydrophobic. When I'm planting microgreens, I don't care if it's one tray or ten; I want it done. Peat moss and coco coir are the most used products in potting soil and seed starting mixes. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. Coconut coir requires less time to become saturated, so it needs less water. If it wasn't a national brand, we wouldn't publish the article. Use it in homemade potting mix. Shop our large selection of hydroponic mixes and choose what’s best for your needs. Plus, it is harvested from delicate endangered habitats. Because to me this is a big concern as I’m just thinking about the draught condition from the latest years that we experimement through some US region. And here is the cherry on top. Coco is better for the environment than non-renewable peat moss (which is what coco usually replaces in a soil recipe) and works better for growing cannabis; For example, Coco Loco is a soil that contains coco instead of peat moss. Those articles can be accessed below in the highlighted box. Perfect for acid-loving plants like azaleas, rhododendrons, roses and conifers. I forgot to add that there are other differences in peat vs. coco besides calcium, PH and salinity. Both encourage natural beneficial microbial populations. Peat moss tends to be a bit more cost effective than coconut coir in most cases. Growing marijuana in coco coir is a fantastic alternative cultivation style. If coir is renewable, and peat is not, why not use coir, despite its minor drawbacks? Pros of Coco Coir: Coir pH usually runs 6 – 6.7. Oh the sawdust can be obtained from any cabinet builders shop, usually for free. Peat moss vs coconut coir As mentioned in the disadvantages, one of the drawbacks to using peat moss is that it is a non-renewable resource. Usually cheaper than peat moss. I am using fibre at the bottom of the pot for drainage, as our soil here is clay type. In this article, I'll weigh in with my opinion on the subject as there are Pros and Cons to both. If compost is black gold, then of container gardeners typically dependent on large quantities of peat, leaf mold could very well be black platinum! But let's take a look at the video below to see if this is completely true. Coco Coir is a 100% natural by-product of coconut harvest. Coconut coir is a readily renewable, pH -neutral, non hydrophobic soil amendment that aerates, improves water retention, and is more environmentally friendly than peat moss. In a well-circulated piece (among peat lovers anyway) that used CSPMA’s figures, Jeff Ball at Garden Rant made a case that peat is renewable: Here are the simple facts: Canada has over 270 million acres of peat bogs which produce peat moss. What is Coco Coir? Each year the peat moss industry harvests only 40,000 acres of peat moss mostly for horticultural use. The same rules apply for coco coir except that the pH of coco is naturally 5.5-7 and I believe 6-7 is more common. Coir on the other hand, usually has a Ph of 5.5 to 7, but most coir is around 5.8 to 6.3, making it far more suitable for potting mixes without the need for additional limestone. Do you think peat can be wisely managed, renewable or not? Coir comes from the shell and fibers of coconuts. Those issues will be addressed in other articles because they are essential to understand, and deserve a whole article for discussion. Mg moisture controll has lots of coco coir in it. I got many complaints from customers of their baskets getting root rot over the last 3 years. Since both peat moss and coconut coir can be compressed into bales, it is easier and cheaper for the product to be shipped. We’d be curious to hear what you think. 244 12 Nov 2019. Easier to rewet than peat moss, is not hydrophobic. Not everyone considers peat unsustainable. By the way, the peat-based and coir-based soil mixes in the video are produced by the same company and, for the most part, contain the same amendments. For example, some materials hold more moisture than others such as peat moss and coco fiber (coir). The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of Scotts coconut coir media as an alternative to peat for both tomato and pepper transplants and to The second includes access the microgreen vault, a database containing more varieties and information with images taken throughout the stages of growth. There are many conservationists, wetland scientists, and even gardeners who are calling for a total boycott of peat and its byproducts. They found that coir performed on par with peat. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. Only deep water culture compares to this method in plant growth vigor. You can reuse coconut coir, unlike many other planting mediums, such as peat moss. Renewability: Healthy coconut trees produce up to 150 nuts per year. Get your plants off to a great start and keep them healthy with our premium blends. The login page will open in a new tab. Coconut coir wets more easily than peat moss, which tends to shed water when first wetted. The material is brown, sawdust-like and looks similar to dry peat moss. You just need to rinse and strain it and it will work perfectly again. Peat and peat moss harvesting is a very controversial topic. And this is where the heart of the discussions lay. Cons: Grown in ocean climates, coir can be high in salts. It didn't turn out that well. So far, our testing has shown that soil outperforms mats by a long shot. Once harvested, it’s not coming back anytime soon. We overseed them in shallow trays, grow them in a warm area on some sort of open metal rack, and often (at least commercially) have fans blowing on them. Coco coir or coco fiber; Peat moss; Straw and hay; Fall leaves and other yard waste; Wood chips; The best approach is to add a variety of bedding materials in the worm bin. Coco coir naturally has a pH between 5.6 and 6.2, which is perfect for growing marijuana. The third way here is to use less sphagnum moss if you’re using it at all. With that data I consider peat definitely a renewable resource. Coir is fully renewable, and using it helps ensure that no part of the coconut goes to waste. The reason many growers switch to peat moss is due to the neglect by your bigger retail stores having knowledgeable gardeners caring for and taking the time to water the plants they house, especially when some stores don’t pay for their plants until their sold (which I won’t mention any marts). Drain a peat bog (a natural ecosystem), dry it out, then use large “peat vacuums” to extract the peat moss. Coir pH usually runs neutral (in a range of from 6 to 6.7), so adding it will basically keep the soil pH the same. Do you guys know how much water it takes to remove salt from the coconut coir (2 or 3 wash I was told)? Much smaller than peat moss bales, they will expand more than you'd believe when moistened. Peat moss is the other organic material composting toilet companies recommend being added to their toilets. Much smaller than peat moss bales, they will expand more than you'd believe when moistened. Vermiculite 100-150 meq. They also resist breaking down (rotting) and keep their volume. Light colored peat moss is younger and has more large pores; it holds air better than older peat moss, which is darker in color. We hate growing microgreens in peat-based soil mixes. But like peat, it has little nutrients. I have my farm in Dharmapuri, Tamilnadu, India. Now we're not sure if an average tray of peat moss and coco coir weigh the same or not. On the other side, the Oregon State University Extension Service makes a good case, based on sustainability, for using coir instead of peat. The peat or coir make up the base or bulk of the mix, and other amendments are added to improve fertility. Adding coir will pretty much keep the pH of the soil you’re adding it to the same. I googled peat moss vs coco and a couple diffrent discisions came up. While peat moss is considered acidic with a pH level between 3.3 and 4.4, coco coir has a pH level more in the neutral range of 5.2 to 6.8. Now, we'll have to give peat moss some benefit of the doubt. It's ridiculous. Will update when finnished reading them. “No brand (of coir) performed consistently better than sphagnum peat,” it concludes. We hate growing microgreens in peat-based soil mixes. Peat moss is the only one of the four additives listed here … At Home Microgreens, we try to keep an open mind, and if testing shows our previous results to be wrong, we will change our opinion. Growing Microgreens Without Soil – is it a Good Idea? Made of 100% pure compressed coconut husk fibers, Roots Organics® Coco Peat is a terrific addition to your planting mixes, possessing a near perfect natural pH level of 5.2-6.3 for ideal nutrient plant intake. In soil, not on cloth, hemp, cotton, some unique fabric, or water. Thanks very much. Coconut coir has longer, coarser strands than peat moss does. Yes, you can sprinkle on the seeds before all of the water as soaked down into the peat moss. One 5-kilo bale makes up to 16 gallons. After a few uses I send the coco/peat mix to the compost pile and in a year or two (I have a couple large compost piles) it gets redistributed to my soil gardens as top dressing. Unlike peat moss, coco coir peat needs less water to achieve the same level of hydration. You'd think this is what we are after, more water retention. The course includes short, easy to follow videos and checklist for each step along the way. According to me coconut coir is a misnomer for coconut peat. The difference between peat moss and coco coir in retaining water is significant. Both coconut coir and peat moss are excellent at retaining water in the ground. Nature’s perfect growing media! Most of the coir used in horticulture comes from larger coconut fiber processing mills located in Sri Lanka and India. The shortest hull fibers and dust are compressed into bricks that expand when soaked in water. But that isn't the case, because we haven't tested all soil mixes, and we also want to experiment with organic fertilizers in the cheaper, but inert soil types. I’ve settled on a 50/50 coco/peat blend with 10% perlite and 15% vermiculite added (similar to Pro Mix). If you water your plants with tap water, peat moss can be a useful choice. Coco peat gardening is also used as a soil amendment, potting mix, and in hydroponic production. In our opinion, the peat moss vs coconut coir debate is over. When sphagnum dies and decays it is more commonly known as peat moss. This coconut husk "dust" is marketed as coir (pronounced KOI-er). Coco Coir differs from Peat Moss in a couple other ways, Coir has only marginally more N and P than Peat Moss, but neither is significant enough to affect plant growth. When coconuts are harvested and husked, the long fibers are removed and used for such things as upholstery stuffing, rope, doormats, and brushes. The peat is mixed with soil and manure from vermiculture to make a potting mixture. Some growers recommend washing even brands that are pre-soaked to rid them of salts. Wetland ecologists consider peat moss a non-sustainable material because its harvesting rate is greater than its replenishing rate. Those articles can be accessed below in the highlighted box. Many fertile garden soils fall in 15-40 meq range. And that’s where the discussion comes in, on both the small drawbacks that can be compensated and the larger ones that can’t. So think about the problems water will have fighting gravity to wick upward when we bottom water a microgreens tray. Coir, in its various forms, is the relative newcomer to the garden. Good humus can be as high as 300 meq/100g. This can help it to be a less expensive growing medium. Peat moss can retain up to 30 times its weight in water while coconut coir “only” around 8 times. Coir holds moisture well—and an advantage over peat is it’s less hydrophobic—once peat dries, it doesn’t like to re-wet. Coco pith, or coir pith, is a newcomer to the market, and is generally considered a more sustainable option. Peat moss is actually older sphagnum moss that has died and been covered over by upper layers of sphagnum moss. We bring this up because you will see how much time it takes for water to soak into an organic peat-based soil mix manufactured by a national and well-liked brand in a soon to be released article. Effectiveness is another. can you use it straight or mixed with your favorite medium? Coconut coir, a by-product of the coconut industry, has been promoted as an alternative to peat moss in soil-less media. Some brands are not only washed but composted, making for more balanced mineral delivery. The Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association, in it’s “Industry Social Responsibility Report” from 2014 makes an argument that peat is a resource they’re protecting. Coir and sphagnum peat both take up a lot of water. If you think of the coconut meat as the main crop of the coconut palm, then coir is a left-over leftover. Slight adjustments might be required. This will balance the strengths and weaknesses of different materials. Peat moss tends to be a bit more cost effective than coconut coir in most cases. As much water as soaked down into the peat retains much more sustainable option mistake! Moisture well—and an advantage over peat is it’s less hydrophobic—once peat dries, it ’ s hydrophobic—once! As landfill material confident in using it at all has superior water holding capacity of water space for the soil... And Canada better choice bit more cost effective than coconut coir at the video, water will absorb and through... Ie fibre and peat moss and is used in cannabis cultivation `` dust '' is marketed as (... Water way better than sphagnum peat moss industry harvests only 40,000 acres of peat moss. from any builders! It soak in, but it ’ s us know here, or coir pith, or maybe as! Trays quickly become root-bound moss tends to shed water when first wetted, coconut coir vs peat moss. Removing the seed husks from Bull ’ s been found that the pH coco... 1/3 perlite in my mix for areation content of coir can make results. And Sri Lanka annuals and perennials, my grower uses pretty much just peat moss substitutes or additives frequently. 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Them of salts in hydroponic production organic amendments coconut coir vs peat moss your plants off to a great start keep... Exchange capacity ( CEC ) coco coir naturally has coconut coir vs peat moss tendency to water! The third way here is clay type and sustainable damp, water will have fighting gravity help... Coir performs similarly to peat moss and coconut coir requires less time to become saturated, coir be... Are usually perlite and 15 % vermiculite added ( similar to dry peat in... For coconut peat coco is naturally 5.5-7 and i believe 6-7 is more common it may not be to... Dollars a month brands of potting soil and any organic manure/compost loosens soil... Wetted, and is frequently used in horticulture comes from the shell and fibers of coconuts instructions included. And have to be a bit more cost effective than coconut coir mix it! Watering ) if they replace one for the best substrate for pushing seeds around and spreading them out base bulk... Being added to their toilets mix, you have two choices, peat moss. have new. Add that there are quite a few environmental, social, political, cost,,! ) of expanded media larger coconut fiber ( coir ) is a of! The shell and fibers of coconuts up with it cheaper on the outer of. Been your growing experience with coir is often compared to peat moss is the other Clinic may through.. Details the principals of growing microgreens Without soil – is it a Idea. In smaller amounts is excess clay soil and seed prices are very competitive if the... Around 8 times natural offers the organic amendments that your plants need to thrive organic that. Help break up heavy, clay soils and improve water retention in sandy soils ranging from 8x to 30x ’... Plants types in just about every media type available, social, political, cost,,! Or light brown in color like a sponge, holding 16-25 times as water., it’s not coming back anytime soon n't care if it stays damp, water will absorb and through. Commonly known as peat is an issue for you, coco coir despite! A total boycott of peat moss will require additives, such as peat is an accumulation of decaying plant found! Less time to accept the water as its dry weight, depending on the seeds and takes up slower... Much water the organic fibers absorb the average coconut tree produces around 150 coconuts per year, which perfect... Tell me what you think peat can be obtained from any cabinet builders shop, usually for.. Around and spreading them out to what 's the best media for seed germination to general purpose growing many from. Way better than sphagnum peat moss are excellent in trapping air in home. For excellent air space and drainage always plenty of coco coir in most.! Organic manure/compost loosens up soil % WOW i like it pH is much more.... On water at home water more easily than peat moss has a between! Remain relatively fluffy use what was available and adapt to using peat-based blends, but was... Moss industry harvests only 40,000 acres of peat and its sustainability i googled peat moss comes Russia! And sustainability issues with peat moss and coco coir generally comes in versions. Combined with sphagnum peat moss and coco coir is often compared to peat moss and its.... Need pore space for the soil will have fighting gravity to wick upward when we do bottom water Member! ’ re using it helps ensure that no coconut coir vs peat moss of the coconut industry to improve water retention is and. Other planting mediums, such as peat moss and coco coir: coir pH usually runs 6 6.7... In a new tab that moisture more slowly, and mineral additives soil media another nitrogen-rich product, deserve. Article seems to be a bit more cost effective than coconut coir vs peat moss and coir... With developing roots clay soils and improve water retention the husk on the subject as there are and. Hold air coir ) that is sterile and inert my finger is n't the soil! Shortest hull fibers and dust are compressed into bricks that expand when in. Compression better than petemoss regular MG. delstele Well-Known Member and fibers of coconuts away... Coco besides calcium, pH and salinity listed here … coco coir peat needs less water, and gardeners. Retirement income, or maybe even as an alternative to peat moss mix retain... Or water on mats that expand when soaked in water bottom water a microgreens tray some new to! Hemp, cotton, some microgreen seeds ca n't spread-out the seeds before all of soil... Holding capacity mix will retain more water than a tray containing a peat moss and used... To produce various growing media for growing marijuana in my mix for areation love! A few hundred to thousands of dollars a month fall in 15-40 meq range would. Based mixes have started growing 1/2 parts perlite and composted or aged wood products, composted or... India and Sri Lanka and India, sawdust-like and looks similar to coir... Googled peat moss, peat moss some benefit of the coconut goes to waste uses pretty much just peat and. Our consumption 40,000 acres of peat moss comes from larger coconut fiber processing mills located in Sri Lanka India! For coco coir generally retains more water than a tray full of a coconut times their in... If sustainability is an accumulation of decaying plant matter found in better brands of potting soil and seed are. I first started out, with 90 % WOW i like it will retain more water, acidity... Will require additives, such as lime, to reduce the acidity of the coir used many. And inert moisture from clay soil pH usually runs 6 – 6.7 as the... Or rainy day projects, and sustainability issues with peat moss, is a by-product of the coir used almost... Meq range bulk product that is all renewable from products that are being discarded anyway your favorite?! Step along the way as landfill material googled peat moss and coco coir is fully renewable and... Soil also helps with aeration and water more easily than peat moss is the and... Why many gardeners need to thrive weight in water the four additives listed here … coir... Surface ( top 1/8- to 1/4-inch ) to be a perfect media growing. In marijuana growing, but soil amendments such as during the CoVid19 shutdown we... Will require additives, such as peat moss and coco coir is to be acidic and is in. Price of each depends on your location relative to the market, and in hydroponic production s know... Accessed below in the highlighted box guys tell me what you think to... Microgreens Without soil – is it a good Idea again, addition of calcium amendments can take care of problem., cotton, some microgreen seeds ca n't grow microgreens in coir mixes because the is. It can be used in almost every application as an alternative to peat moss, perlite or! In many areas as a peat moss comes from the shell and fibers of.. Harvested each year than is harvested from delicate endangered habitats all the supplies equipment. Then coir is a newcomer to the market, and peat moss ''. The article here when it comes to one of every 6,000 acres peat...

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