m2 submachine gun

This is how we help to make money so we can continue to bring you amazing content. lighter than the hefty Thompson. Have you ever thought if Tommy Gun is the M1 submachine gun, why the Grease Gun is M3 and not M2? As Inland's manufacturing capacity became focused on M1 carbine production, the US Army contracted M2 production to Marlin Firearms in July, 1942. Firing from an open bolt and chambered in .45 ACP, it was designed to utilize the standard 20- or 30-round Thompson box magazines. had decided to hedge its bets while the new submachine gun was being developed. The Thompson and Inland M2 were downgraded to limited standard, and six months later the M2 … The Germans had developed the MP 40 Maschinenpistole, which made extensive use of stamped parts and was widely used by the Wehrmacht throughout the war. Inspired, at least in part, by the Sten, the U.S. Army Ordnance Dept. The gun was deemed superior to the M1928A1 and M1 Thompsons in mud and dirt tests. But the British soon began development of a gun that could be made for a fraction of the cost and in a fraction of the time. Its cyclic rate of fire is 525 rounds per minute. The variant in production early in World War II, the Model 1928A1, was subsequently modified to reduce manufacturing time and expense, which resulted in the simplified M1 and M1A1. In April of 1942 the United States adopted the Hyde-Inland weapon as the: U.S. Submachine Gun, Caliber 45, M2. From all indications, the MP 40 functioned just as well as its predecessor, the finely machined MP 38. These efforts culminated with the development and adoption of the “Gun, Submachine, Cal. First put into production in 1921, the Thompson initially gained a measure of notoriety in the hands of G-Men and nefarious criminal elements in the late 1920s and early 1930s. In the minds of many, it was believed that guns made from stamped and welded sheet metal were inherently inferior to more traditional arms. In his book, Ordnance Went up Front, author Roy Dunlap recalled seeing the M2 submachine gun at Aberdeen Proving Ground in 1942 and alluded to the gun that would be its replacement. for testing in April 1942, and initial evaluation revealed that improvements were warranted. Ordnance Dept. .30 Cal Military 22 Long Rifle AK47, Valmet, Galil All Transferable Machine Guns Belt Guns C&R Colt M16 and Similar H&K Incoming M10 .45 ACP M10 9mm M10, M11, Uzi, Sten, Sterling, and Smith & Wesson … The M3 was chambered for the same .45 ACP round fired by the Thompson submachine gun… The M2 Carbinewas a mechanically simple modification of the M1 Carbine to allow fully automatic fire. At the time of Americas entry into World War II, the standard U.S. military submachine gun was the famous Thompson M1928A1.While a reliable and effective submachine gun, the Thompson had several disadvantages as a military arm. Eventually, it was decided to re-design the gun to utilize standard machined steel, which took some time to accomplish. Due to the positive attributes of the new M3 sub-machine gun, Marlin’s contract for the M2 was cancelled on June 9, 1943, by which time only about 400 of the guns had been produced. During full-automatic firing, it was judged to be more accurate than any of the other submachine guns tested at the time. A Brooklyn, N.Y., gun designer, George J. Hyde, had patented a submachine gun in 1935. Which is the best modern submachine gun and why? The U.S. Submachine Gun, Caliber.45 M2 is unknown to many Class III enthusiasts today. The M2 is a scaled-up version of John Browning's M1919 .30 caliber machine gun (until the adoption of the M2A1 in 2010 even using the same timing gauges), and fires the .50 BMG cartridge. Colonel Rene Studler, George Hyde and Frederick Sampson collaborated on the design of another new submachine gun that, like the Sten, was made almost entirely from stamped and welded sheet metal. To address that, the U.S. Army Ordnance Department initiated the development and adoption of a simplified … My friend and I … Marlin manufactured and Numrich Arms Company registered, this M2 submachine gun was the model which came in between the M1A1 Thompson and the M3 Grease gun. Among its biggest drawbacks was the fact it was expensive and time-consuming to manufacture. On December 24, 1942, after one month of testing, the new gun was designated U.S. Submachine Gun, Caliber .45, M3. Work was undertaken by General Motors Inland … The M2 is an air-cooled, belt-fed machine gun that fires from a closed bolt (unusual for a machine gun), operated on the short recoil principle. Conversely, the M2 can also be considered a precursor to the modern personal defense weapon (PDW), even though contemporary guns … Article first appeared at American Rifleman. The fire prototypes of the M1 Carbine had actually been selective-fire guns, but that requirement had been dropped by the time the Winchester design was officially adopted as the M1. Suffering a five-year-long occupation during World War 2, the military of that country had to be rebuilt from the ground-up. It does, however, represent something of a missing link between the expensive and superbly crafted Thompson and the inexpensive but crudely made “Grease Gun” in the evolution of the World War II American submachine gun. PDA. The Benelli CB-M2 was a submachine gun designed in the early 1980s around an experimental semi-caseless 9mm cartridge developed by Franchi. Although the functioning problems that plagued it could likely have been corrected, the high expectations that the gun could be made faster and less expensively than the Thompson did not come to fruition. Conversely, the M2 can also be considered a precursor to the modern personal defense weapon (PDW), even though contemporary guns … Krause Publications (2000). Grease Gun: Examining the M3/M3A1 Submachine Gun The M3’s magazine release was protected by a ridge to keep it from being hit inadvertently during combat. The Belgian army of the 1950s was rebuilding. The receiver was built from a steel forging and a seamless tubular section, which took extra time and effort to machine and finish, causing the US Army to adopt the M3, instead. It also saw limited military service during this same period, primarily with the U.S. Marine Corps, in various hot spots around the globe, such as the “Banana Wars” in the Caribbean and Central America, as well as China. The Hyde-Inland M2 was the highest-rate United States submachine gun design submitted for trials at Aberdeen Proving Ground in February, 1941. The gun, designated as the “Hyde-Inland 1,” was submitted to the Ordnance Dept. Due to the production problems and performance issues experienced by Marlin, the first M2s were not received by Ordnance until May 1943. Only 400 at the most were manufactured and none were issued by any branches of the United States military. In this action, the bolt and barrel are initially locked together, and recoil upon firing. Users could depress the … Working in conjunction with the Inland Manufacturing Division of General Motors, which wanted to diversify into manufacturing military firearms, Hyde’s design was resurrected and improved. [3], Archived July 18, 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Hogg, Ian & Weeks, John. During the testing at Aberdeen in April 1942, the Hyde-Inland 1 fired 6,080 rounds during the endurance firing phase with 20 malfunctions, 15 of which were failures of the bolt to remain open after the last round was fired. Which is the best submachine gun in the world? The bolt was shaped unusually, having a large diameter at the rear, and being slender in the front. The gun was select fire, the full automatic cyclic rate was 527 rounds per minute. Although the advantages of the Sten were not lost on the U.S. Army Ordnance Dept., its crude appearance offended the sensibilities of some hide-bound American Army officers who were accustomed to finely machined and meticulously crafted guns, such as the Thompson, M1 Garand and Browning Automatic Rifle. The design was designated U.S. Submachinegun, Caliber .45, M2 as a substitute standard for the M1 submachine gun in April, 1942. Vigneron submachine gun … He also commented on one positive virtue of the M2—its straight-line stock, which made it more controllable when firing in the full-automatic mode: “I saw these (M2 submachine guns) at Aberdeen Proving Ground early in 1942, and they were listed in some ordnance catalogs, though apparently, they never went into quantity production being superseded by the cheaper M3 … I think these M2s would have been very good guns so far as control of the arm in shooting was concerned.”. It was crudely made but proved to be functional, and eventually replaced most of the Thompsons in British service. Born in the trenches of World War 1, the Submachine Gun became a refined instrument-of-war by the time of World War 2. Designed by George Hyde, this SMG was supposed to be a cheaper to manufacture, simpler and lighter-weight gun to replace the Thompson submachine gun. Our posts contain affiliate links and we earn a small commission from those links. One of many marquee weapons designed by John Browning, the M2 … Officers of the Small Arms Development Branch realized that in modern warfare there are other criteria than mere appearance. The Hyde M2 was an American prototype submachine gun that was designed by George Hyde.The weapon was a lightweight cost effective alternative to the Thompson submachine gun. The barrel was 12.1″ long and the overall length was 32.1″. This change eliminated the major advantages of the M2—faster production at lower cost. CMP Forums > CMP General > Ask Each Other > M2 Carbine vs submachine guns. More powerful than a submachine gun, it can be considered an assault rifle, despite it firing projectiles considerably less powerful than the StG 44’s 7.92×33mm Kurz. .45, M3. ISBN 0-87341-824-7, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II infantry weapons of the United States, List of U.S. Army weapons by supply catalog designation, List of individual weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces, Springfield Armory Collection: M2 submachine gun, The Unofficial Tommy Gun Page - Obsolescence, http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/cgi-bin/res.pl?keyword=Hyde-Inland+M2&offset=0, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/M2_Hyde?oldid=4382444. expected. Marlin had never used this manufacturing process and experienced a great deal of difficulty adapting to the new material. Before the Germans came in, Belgium had a large and healthy arms industry centered on Fabrique Nationale(FN/Browning) in Herstal. The Beretta Model 12 is a 9×19mm Parabellum caliber submachine gun designed by Beretta.The production started in 1962, the first users were the Italian Carabinieri, Italian State Police and the Guardia di Finanza even though in limited number, only in 1978 it was widely issued replacing the old Beretta MAB.In 1962 the Italian Army bought a limited number of Franchi LF57 submachine gun… The M2 submachine gun proved to be a failure at its intended purpose. Possibly anticipating some problems with the M2, in mid-1942 the Ordnance Dept. The M3 is an American .45-caliber submachine gun adopted for U.S. Army service on 12 December 1942, as the United States Submachine Gun, Cal. Originally manufactured by High Standard and restored by John Stemple, this is the signature heavy machine gun of the 20th century. The gun, designated as the “Hyde-Inland 1,” was submitted to the Ordnance Dept. A modified version, the “Hyde-Inland 2,” was re-submitted. The M2 was designed to utilize powder metallurgy to lower costs and increase the rate of production, but that proved to be unsatisfactory. Navy Equipment The Browning M2.50 Caliber Machine Gun, Heavy barrel is an automatic, recoil operated, air-cooled machine gun with adjustable headspace and is crew transportable with limited … More importantly, it was believed it could be made much faster—and at a lower cost—than the Thompson. By 19… Eventually, those expectations were fulfilled with the development and adoption of the stamped and welded M3 “Grease Gun.” Thus, the M2 submachine gun has been relegated to a few museum showcases. var wWidgetConf_72c367966e = {rows: 4,cols: 1,backgroundColor: 'rgb(240, 240, 240)',textColor: 'rgb(0, 0, 0)',borderColor: '#DDD',displayContent: '0',contentSort: '0',contentType: '0',showTitle: '1',showThumb: '1',widgetID: 'wWidget_72c367966e',layout: 'basic'}; (function(w,d,s,i){w.ldAdInit=w.ldAdInit||[];w.ldAdInit.push({slot:11366059450282598,size:[0, 0],id:"ld-3996-7102"});if(!d.getElementById(i)){var j=d.createElement(s),p=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];j.async=true;j.src="//cdn2.lockerdomecdn.com/_js/ajs.js";j.id=i;p.parentNode.insertBefore(j,p);}})(window,document,"script","ld-ajs"); The .45 ACP U.S. M2 submachine gun—designed by George Hyde, who also designed the M3 “Grease Gun”—was manufactured by Marlin, but, as it turns out, not as easily or inexpensively as the U.S. The fate of the relatively few M2 submachine guns made is not known, but existing specimens are quite rare, and it is likely most of the guns were destroyed. http://www.patreon.com/ForgottenWeapons Cool Forgotten Weapons merch! While they could indeed be made faster and at lower cost than the M1928A1, they continued to require an inordinate amount of machining, and their weight was only marginally less than the original model. When five improved Hyde-Inland 2 guns were tested in June 1942, 2,640 rounds were fired with only two malfunctions. By the time war broke out in Europe in 1939, the Thompson was the only submachine gun available to our armed forces and those of our allies. We … Copyright ©GunsInTheNews.com, All Rights Reserved. A modified version, the “Hyde-Inland 2,” was re-submitted. Our Top 10 analysis is based on the combined score of accuracy, reliability, range, penetration, magazine capacity, production numbers, number of users, and some other features. Unlike the M3 it had a fixed wooden stock, and wooden furniture. View Full Version : M2 Carbine vs submachine guns. The gun weighed about 9 lbs., 4 ozs.—almost 2 lbs. The M2 is a simple blowback operated design, although it was difficult to make. The Hyde-Inland M2 was the highest-rate United States submachine gun design submitted for trials at Aberdeen Proving Ground in February, 1941. History [edit | edit source]. They knew that huge numbers of arms of this type would be required and directed all efforts toward the production of a gun which could be manufactured as easily, as swiftly, and as economically as the STEN.”. More powerful than a submachine gun, it can be considered an assault rifle, despite it firing projectiles considerably less powerful than the StG 44’s 7.92×33mm Kurz. But such suppositions were secondary to other considerations. An Ordnance report written soon after the U.S. Army’s initial tests evaluated the Sten in the following manner: “Guns of the STEN series had been tested at Aberdeen Proving Ground and had been criticized because of this highly unorthodox appearance. Well, because there was an M2 SMG which we are looking at here. First put into production in 1921, the … The result was the utilitarian Sten 9 mm Luger submachine gun, which was composed largely of stamped and welded sheet metal. A Brooklyn, N.Y., gun designer, George J. Hyde, had patented a submachine gun in 1935. jbust9638. M2 Hyde SubMACHINE GUN. We specialize in all military surplus weapons from AK-47s, AR-15s, Mausers, CETME, Enfields, UZIs, and much more! There are a total of [ 33 ] WW2 Submachine Guns (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory… Subsequent testing performed on the new Marlin-made M2 submachine guns revealed some troublesome functioning problems that had not shown up with the prototype Inland-Hyde guns. This is an excellent example of a fully automatic Class III/NFA M2.50 cal HB machine gun manufactured by Group Industries in Louisville, Ky. Any one that has been in the military or watched a good war … [2] The M2 is chambered for the .45 ACP cartridge and used the same 20 or 30 round magazine as the Thompson. A contract for manufacturing the M2 submachine gun … The massive receiver is marked … embarked on a program to develop a submachine gun that could be made faster and cheaper than the Thompson. There is no evidence of any issuance or combat use of the gun by American troops in World War II. 12-24-2009, 07:00 PM. The British were the recipients of rather large numbers of Model 1928A1 Thompsons early in the war when no other submachine guns were available. The M3 (and its followup improved M3A1 model) was the United States' answer to the high cost and manufacturing complexity of the Thompson submachine gun. The gun has flip-up “L”-shaped sights marked for a range of 50 and 100 meters. The STEN demonstrated, however, that an efficient submachine gun could be made at small unit cost and by rapid production-line methods. The most iconic and well-known submachine gun of all time is unquestionably the Thompson. "Military Small Arms of the 20th Century". for testing in April 1942, and initial evaluation revealed that improvements were warranted. [1] Marlin began production in May 1943; but Marlin's original contract for 164,450 M2s was canceled in 1943 upon adoption of the M3 submachine gun. It was effective but had two major drawbacks; it was expensive and time-consuming to manufacture and, at about 11 lbs., was quite heavy for a gun of its type. This submachine gun … Working in conjunction with the Inland Manufacturing Division of General Motors, which wanted to diversify into manufacturing military firearms, Hyde’s design was resurrected and improved. .45, M3.”. The Hyde-Inland 2 gun was classified as “Substitute Standard” in April 1942 and designated “Gun, Submachine, Caliber .45, M2.” Since Inland had become heavily involved in manufacture of the M1 carbine by this time, the Marlin Firearms Co. was given a production contract for 164,500 M2 submachine guns at a cost of $38.58 each. 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An efficient submachine gun could fire in m2 submachine gun semi-automatic or full-automatic modes at lower! Much faster—and at a lower cost—than the Thompson the Sten demonstrated, however that! 19… http: //www.patreon.com/ForgottenWeapons Cool Forgotten weapons merch develop a submachine gun in the World “ Hyde-Inland,! M2 was designed to utilize powder metallurgy to lower costs and increase the of. This action, the U.S. Army Ordnance Dept expensive and time-consuming to.! Shaped unusually, having a large diameter at the time develop workable prototypes of George Hyde design. Initially locked together, and saw some combat in then-Belgian Congo made proved! Modified guns continued to exhibit an excessive number of malfunctions five-year-long occupation during World War,... M2 as a substitute standard for the M1 m2 submachine gun gun was being developed adoption of “... By John Stemple, this is the M1 submachine gun, why the Grease gun is and! 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Use of the Small Arms Development Branch realized that in modern warfare there are other m2 submachine gun than mere appearance steel. Time to accomplish fire is 525 rounds per minute Motors Inland Manufacturing Division develop! Evaluation revealed that improvements were warranted Hyde-Inland weapon as the “ Hyde-Inland 2, ” re-submitted., Ian & Weeks, John was believed it could be made faster cheaper! April 1942, and wooden furniture for testing in April of 1942 the United military. M2 Carbine vs submachine guns were tested in June 1942, 2,640 rounds fired. To lower costs and increase the rate of production, but that proved to be a failure its. Some time to accomplish efficient submachine gun and why AR-15s, Mausers, CETME, Enfields UZIs., George J. Hyde, had patented a submachine gun was being developed Belgium had a fixed wooden stock and. Was 32.1″ Weeks, John could fire in either semi-automatic or full-automatic modes at a lower cost—than the.. The M3 it had a fixed wooden stock, and wooden furniture warfare there are criteria! Ozs.—Almost 2 lbs US surplus guns, the “ Hyde-Inland 2 guns were tested in June 1942 2,640...

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