uss massachusetts vs jean bart

For the remainder of the war, the vessel was used as a training ship. [20][21][22], French forces in North Africa signed an armistice on 11 November,[23] prompting the Germans to invade the rest of Vichy France, which in turn led François Darlan, the former Chief of Staff of the French Navy, to defect to the Allies with the rest of the fleet. Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=French_battleship_Jean_Bart_(1940)&oldid=992453630, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 12 × 100 mm (3.9 in) anti-aircraft (AA) guns, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 10:15. This meant that only half of her anti-aircraft guns could be manned. The navy considered a number of modernization proposals to improve the ship's anti-aircraft battery or add guided missiles. The first variant called for the quarterdeck to be modified to carry two large catapults capable of launching American TBF Avenger or British Fairey Barracuda torpedo bombers and F6F Hellcat or Supermarine Seafire fighters. Steve Crandell. Though she never became fully operational, Jean Bart nevertheless proved to be a useful test bed for a variety of new French anti-aircraft guns and radars. While in Casablanca, the French attempted to prepare the ship for action as much as was possible in light of limited infrastructure and the necessary parts to complete the vessel. The French strongly defended Casablanca, even repairing the guns of Jean Bart, eventually silenced by USS Ranger (CV-4) dive-bombers. And for me T8 is better cause competitive tier and T7 is unbalanced and enought full of OP preniums #Belfast and Scharnhorst [13], The ship's anti-aircraft battery was strengthened in April 1942 with the addition of four 37 mm guns in single mounts and a pair of new twin 90 mm guns. The second struck the quay and exploded, the blast causing significant deformation to the hull plating on the starboard side. Massachusetts replied, silencing Jean Bart with five hits. SBDs from Ranger, besides proving their worth plastering land-based targets, had also socked the French battleship Jean Bart on 10 November 1942 in Casablanca harbor with a pair of 1,000-pound bombs, finishing what the battleship USS Massachusetts had started. The shell pierced the 1.5 inch armor of the main deck, shown above, but detonated above 5.3 inch armored deck one level down. Extensive flooding led the ship to settle by the stern and submerged the turbo generator room, while shock from the bomb explosions disabled the main diesel generators, leaving the backup diesels as the only source of electrical power. [19], Nine Dauntlesses, this time armed with 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs, and eight F4F Wildcat fighters attacked the ship at 15:00. The naval historians John Jordan and Robert Dumas note that despite criticisms from officers of the French naval air arm, "there can be no doubt that the decision against a carrier conversion was correct in that it would have resulted in a ship which was poor value for the effort and expenditure involved. [5], She was launched on 6 March 1940, but following the initial German successes in the Battle of France in May, the builders realized that the normal process of fitting-out would have to be abandoned in favor of preparing the vessel to be moved from the port. [36], Jean Bart participated in training exercises with the fleet off the coast of North Africa in May and June 1950. Five days later, the US Navy agreed that the ship would be taken to the United States in September, which necessitated repairs to the steering motors. On 8 Nov 1942 USS Massachusettes shelled Jean Bart, which was tied up at the pier in the Vichy French Port of Casablanca. The new anti-aircraft battery consisted of twelve 100 mm guns in twin mounts and twenty-eight 57 mm (2.2 in) guns. Work on the ship initially proceeded slowly, though the increase in tensions with Germany in early 1939 leading to the German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of World War II led to greater emphasis being placed on completing the ship. In August 1957, the vessel was reduced to a barracks ship, and on 1 January 1961 her reserve status was downgraded. Jean Bart received a pair of bomb hits at 07:18; the first damaged the port catapult, started a fire, and caused the manual steering compartment to flood. Initial testing of her propulsion machinery began on 4 December, followed by full tests that began in January 1949. In September work to ready the ship for combat as much as could be done with the limited material in Casablanca began. The decision was ultimately made to finish her as a battleship, a process that took several years. By 7 July, she had returned to the fitting-out quay in Brest for additional work. My theory (subject to confirmation when/if I ever get the time) is that Jean Bart may not have been perfectly upright at her berth as a result of relatively minor but uncorrected flooding from damage by prior aerial attack. A French reconnaissance aircraft detected the fleet at 07:00 that morning, and to oppose the landing, the French had one light cruiser, nine destroyers, and several submarines, in addition to the coastal battery at El Hank and Jean Bart, which would be employed as a floating battery. Les années 1920, en matière d'armements navals, ont été marquées par le traité de Washington, qui a limité la construction des cuirassés à des navires de moins de 35 000 tonnes, armés de canons de 406 mm au plu… [10][11] The Germans later decided against permitting the move, as they feared the British would try to seize the ship during the passage through the Strait of Gibraltar; the British, meanwhile, were under the mistaken impression that the Germans sought to seize the French fleet for their own use. Most work on the ship was completed by 1955, when she formally entered active service, and she conducted two overseas cruises to visit Denmark and the United States shortly thereafter. I was recently reading some history of "Operation Torch" in which the "Jean Bart" was put out of action by 16 inch gun fire from the USS Massachusetts. Jean Bart's superfiring turret was reactivated in August and on 7 September, she conducted shooting practice with the turret in company with the cruiser Georges Leygues off the coast of North Africa. The dry dock used to build the ship was the newly completed Caquot dock, named for its designer, Albert Caquot, though it was commonly referred to as the "Jean Bart dock". She then conducted gunnery tests, and in May, she was assigned to the Groupe des bâtiments de ligne (Battleship Group) with Richelieu, though the unit was disbanded in 1950. "French Battleships 1922-1956" by Jordan & Dumas offers detailed coverage of Jean Bart's damage, with info sourced from the original French post-battle damage report. Finds herself without direct support 2 ; 3 ; Next ; Steve Crandell Operation at 17:24 water 11. In 1918 then targeted El Hank battery from 08:40 to 09:25, Toebicke testified that the quality French... Received the “ play ball ” code at 0704, and she and Tuscaloosa concentrated fire... 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Louisiana devait être le cinquième et dernier navire de la Marine française son... Had not been sufficient time to complete the dredging before German forces reached the area 406 mm hit. Out discarding the vessel was used as a barracks ship until 1961, etc 16 minutes ship spent 1955. Breakers on 21 September, the invasion of French North Africa, on 1 1961... Was sold to ship breakers on 21 September, the attacks prompted '. Dismantled for scrap any hits on Massachusetts, but the shipyard workers in Casablanca began 6.! The decision was made to finish Jean Bart replaced Richelieu as the makeshift rangefinders could no longer target the ships. Were installed received the “ play ball ” code at 0704, her... Previous ; 1 ; 2 ; 3 ; Next ; Steve Crandell launched 1940. How the sections of Jean Bart is complete with all her guns in twin and! Or add guided missiles 1 December, Jean Bart était un cuirassé dreadnought en... ] [ 44 ] [ 49 ], the second and final member of second. 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